Vogue Deutsch is published in Germany by Conde Nast Verlag GmbH twelve times a year. The Editor-in-Chief is Christiane Arp and the Creative Director is Reto Brunnter. The paper quality and printing is typically European with a hard semi-gloss cover. The German Vogue eye is very like a mix between French, Italian, and American Vogue. For me, it is very hard to pinpoint with a definative description. Colour is very important to German Vogue, as evidenced by it's colour-drenched interior and it's subtle use of colour on most covers. All of the inside photo editorials are original, using such varied photographers as Christophe Kutner, Mario Testino, Karl Lagerfeld, Mark Abrahams, Arthur Elgort, Rankin, and Ruven Afanador. As of yet, they have not been bitten by the celebrity bug (but getting close), which as far as I'm concerned, is a sign of loss of creativity. Models are mostly multi-cultural. Vogue Deutsch began publishing with the August 1979 issue.